After pregnancy, due to the significant increase in estrogen levels in the body, it is easy to induce gingivitis. It is generally not suitable for tooth extraction during pregnancy, especially for mothers with habitual abortion and premature birth history. In the first three months and the third trimester of pregnancy, tooth extraction can cause miscarriage and premature birth.
Symptoms manifested as toothache, redness and swelling of the gums, painful heat and cold, swelling of the cheeks, etc.
Dental caries is one of the most common oral diseases during pregnancy. There are data indicating that expectant mothers have dental caries, and the chances of giving birth to a baby will increase greatly. The eating habits and irregular diet during pregnancy are the causes of dental caries.
Dental caries during pregnancy
Reduce salt intake: It is recommended to eat less than 5g of salt per day, and the daily diet should be light.
Add enough calcium, magnesium, and zinc: milk and dairy products are rich in easily absorbed calcium, preferably low-fat or skim-free dairy products. Beans and green leafy vegetables are rich in magnesium. Some seafood and animal guts are rich in zinc.
Symptoms are usually manifested as hypertension, edema, proteinuria, etc. after 20 weeks of pregnancy. In severe cases, convulsions and coma may occur.
Some expectant mothers have symptoms such as hypertension, edema and proteinuria after 20 weeks of gestation, which is called gestational hypertension syndrome. Mainly caused by three reasons: related to immune or genetic factors, related to prostaglandin deficiency and uteroplacental ischemia.
Pregnancy-induced hypertension syndrome
Hemolysis often occurs in the first trimester of pregnancy, or in the second mother. If a woman with a history of stillbirth, abortion, or neonatal jaundice who has an unknown cause plans to have another child, she should have an ABO blood group test in advance with the prospective father.
Symptoms of neonatal hemolytic disease mainly depends on the strength of the antigen, the individual’s immune response. In general, Rh hemolytic disease is clinically serious and progresses rapidly, while ABO hemolytic disease is mostly mild. At the same time, ABO hemolytic disease is more likely to occur in the first child.
Neonatal hemolysis refers to the antibody in the mother’s blood that enters the baby’s body through the placenta, and dissolves the fetal red blood cells to cause homologous immune hemolysis. In general, maternal and child blood group incompatibility does not necessarily lead to the occurrence of hemolysis, the general probability is 5% or less.
Control overweight growth: Pay special attention to eating high-fat and high-sugar foods that tend to make people fat and accumulate, making varicose veins worse.
Add enough protein: If the nutrient intake is not balanced, especially protein, it will be more prone to varicose veins, so it is recommended that mothers must add enough protein.
Symptoms usually occur in the third trimester of pregnancy, usually as the blood vessels protrude from the surface of the skin, appearing blue or purple, and appear to be crooked. At the same time, expectant mothers will also feel heavy and painful legs, and the skin of varicose veins may also be itchy, painful and burning.
According to statistics, one-third of expectant mothers will have varicose veins or microvascular dilatation of the lower extremities. Mainly the following three points, the hormone changes in the body during pregnancy, the fetus and the enlarged uterus compress the blood vessels and the family inheritance or overweight during pregnancy.
Varicose veins during pregnancy
Supplement the right amount of fat: As the supply of staple foods is reduced, the amount of fat intake should be increased to maintain the daily calorie supply. You can eat some dried fruits in an appropriate amount to increase the supply of fat.
Add enough protein: The amount of protein can not be reduced, it is slightly higher than the normal pregnant mother’s intake of protein, you can eat more soy products, increase plant protein.
A small number of meals: The daily meal is divided into three meals and three small meals, especially to avoid the interval between dinner and the next day’s breakfast, not too long, appropriate to eat less snacks before going to bed.
The most obvious symptom of gestational diabetes is “three more and one less”, that is, eating more, drinking more, and having more urine, but losing weight, accompanied by vomiting. At this time, expectant mothers must pay attention not to other pregnancy symptoms. To put it bluntly, vomiting in pregnancy with diabetes can become vomiting, which is severe nausea, increased vomiting, and even dehydration and electrolyte imbalance.
Gestational diabetes, also known as gestational diabetes, is mainly due to the fact that expectant mothers are late for a lot of nutritious food during pregnancy, but due to lack of insulin in the body, the glucose in the food is not fully utilized and is immediately excreted. Because of the heat supply of fat, The rate at which proteins are converted to glucose is also greatly accelerated, so that the body’s sugar, protein and fat are consumed in large quantities, resulting in poor mother’s body and weight loss.
Pregnant expectant mothers carefully care for the fetus in the abdomen every day, but as the pregnancy progresses, the pregnant mothers will have discomfort on the body. Here are some common pregnancy diseases. Are you pregnant women? Here are some common diseases and prevention methods for pregnancy!